Inside a vault at the Federal Reserve Bank of New York. It is known to contain the largest amount of gold in the world. However, the WGC points out that the economic and geopolitical uncertainty linked to the COVID-19 pandemic and Russia's war in Ukraine may be creating a “divide” between central bank respondents from advanced economies and those from developed and emerging market economies. Read on for the top 10 countries by central bank gold holding, according to data from the WGC.
Like Germany, Italy also stores parts of its offshore reserves. In total, 141.2 tons are found in the United Kingdom, 149.3 tons in Switzerland and 1,061 in the United States Federal Reserve. Italy is home to 1,100 tons of gold nationwide. Most of the yellow metal is in the form of large, variable-weight standard gold ingots that weigh between 10 and 14 kilograms.
There are also smaller bars on site that weigh up to 1 kilogram each. The Swiss National Bank has the central bank's seventh-largest gold reserve. Its 1,040 tons of gold are owned by the Swiss state, but the central bank manages and maintains the reserve. Rounding out this list of the main central bank gold reserves is the National Bank of the Netherlands (DNB), the central bank of the Netherlands.
Like Switzerland, the Dutch central bank stores up to 38 percent of its gold in Canada's national reserve. Another 31 percent, in the form of 15,000 gold ingots, is in a national vault, while the remaining 31 percent is in the Federal Reserve Bank of New York. Since 1944, the International Monetary Fund has added gold by paying member countries' debts. Countries can also exchange gold for the currency of another member country.
Where to start, if not in the United States of America, which has the largest gold deposit in the world. Gold is preserved in mints located throughout the country. As far as we know, the largest amount of gold of any bank is found in the Federal Reserve Bank of New York. Gold plays an important role in managing central bank reserves and they are important holders of gold.
As the United States Treasury explains, deep storage is “the part of the gold bullion reserve owned by the United States Government that the Mint (of the United States) keeps in sealed vaults examined annually by the Office of the Inspector General of the Department of the Treasury and consisting mainly of gold ingots. The other two concerned the central bank's ability to sell its gold reserves, together with a decree according to which 20 percent of the Swiss bank's assets were held in gold. These data on gold reserves, compiled with statistics from the IMF's IFS, record purchases and sales reported by central banks, along with gold, as a percentage of their international reserves. Global central banks hold about one-fifth of all the gold ever mined, with reserves exceeding 35,500 metric tons (MT).